An Interesting Look at the Different Important Aspects of Forensic Science

Popularized by non-fiction television programs like “American Justice,” “The New Detectives” and “Forensic Files,” forensic science deals with the use of science to solve various kinds of questions that are of interest to the law. Other famous TV shows that focus on crime detection include “Law and Order,” “Cold Case” and “CSI.” The same interesting theme can be found in television series such as “Waking the Dead,” “Silent Witness” and “The Mentalist.” Be able to understand this all-important field by learning the definition of forensic science.

The Definition of Forensic Science

What is forensic science? This branch of science is the application of a wide range of sciences to solve questions that are relevant to the legal system. Its findings are commonly used in relation to a civil action or in solving crimes. It is classified into different subdivisions, one of which is computational forensics, which deals with the development of software and algorithms for use in forensic examination. Another important subdivision is digital forensics, which makes use of scientific techniques and methods to recover data from digital or electronic media.

Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details

During ancient times, the world had insufficient forensic practices, which actually helped criminals avoid punishment. Witness testimony and forced confessions were used to decide criminal trials and investigations. Entomology and medicine were first used to solve criminal cases some time in 1248, which was documented in the book of Hsi Duan Yi.

In modern times, medical practitioners started to gather details on the cause as well as the manner of death of people in Europe in the sixteenth century. One of these was a French army surgeon named Ambroise Pare, who performed a systematic study on the effects of violent death on the internal organs. After that, a couple of Italian surgeons named Paolo Zacchia and Fortunato Fidelis studied changes in the body’s structure resulting from a disease. These initial efforts would later on become the foundation of modern pathology.

Forensics is a broad field of science, which can be classified further into various subdivisions. These include forensic linguistics, trace evidence analysis and questioned document examination. Some of the most notable forensic scientists throughout the years are Michael Baden, a pathologist from New York, and William M. Bass, a forensic anthropologist. Although this field of science relies greatly on evidence, some of its techniques are considered questionable. Some of the doubtful techniques are forensic dentistry and comparative bullet-lead analysis.

Top 5 Reasons Why You Should Start a Computer Forensic Career

Computer forensics is the investigation of the cyber world using modern equipment and skillful thinking. Have you always wanted to solve online crimes, discover faults and figure out how the computers ‘mind’ works? Do you have a passion for computers and the internet?

Maybe you should start a career in this field of study. Here are the five reasons:

  1. It can be a life long career that provides you a stable lifestyle for now and in the future due to its high demand in the job market. There are a variety of positions offered, from computer forensic investigators, digital media analysts, digital forensics experts, forensic team leaders, bureau supervisors, forensic consultant, forensic agents, digital forensics detectives, etc.
  2. This job offers a high salary and lucrative income. The more skills and knowledge you have, the higher qualification you possess and the more income you obtain. The salary range of a computer forensic specialist is from USD$80,000 to USD$120,000 annually, depending on their investigative skills and experience. Private companies normally offer more lucrative pay than government law enforcement agencies.
  3. It is a very challenging and exciting job where you need to deal with many types of people, many types of fraudulent activities and you definitely won’t be bored in your work. Your jobs vary from case to case, project to project.
  4. You can learn many advanced IT skills as the computer technology keeps developing and you will have the opportunities to try most advanced IT devices in your investigative work.
  5. It provides great self satisfaction to you when you have completed each individual task. During investigation, you may need to work days and nights and there are many obstacles you need to overcome.

Are you convinced? This job is indeed an interesting one that is both thrilling and at high demand as well. So, if you have the interest in this field, why not try your hand and enroll yourself for a computer forensics course today.

Expert Witness – What is a Forensic Expert Witness?

Forensic science is applied for inquiries that are made in any legal issues and is a wide range of sciences which are put into use to solve any legal issues like crime or any kind of civil action. Apart from this, this science is used to verify any event that has taken place on any item which maybe physical like a cadaver or a corpse for instance. This science helps the legal system in getting down to the bottom of the crime and solving the issue. “Forensic’ is derived from the Latin word “forensic” which means “before the forum” or “of”. The key witness to a crime is one who has more valid reasons in solving the crime and whose argument is more effective. In this case it is being solved with scientific methods which are forensic skills and helps in solving the problem through scientific evidence. This is the expert forensic witness.

There are many different kinds of forensic sciences which are used to solve various crimes and are like a laboratory for this, similar methods are used to solve a crime like a physician would use in a diagnostic clinic to find out what disease a patient is suffering from. For instance:

· The study of the affect of poison and drugs on the human body is called forensic toxicology;
· To determine why a criminal behaved in the way he did is found out with forensic psychology using forensic methods once again;
· To find out the cause of a person’s death or how an injury occurred forensic pathology is used in which the methods of pathology and medicine are used;
· For identifying the body when it is too far decayed forensic deontology is used which is the way of studying teeth to get more clues on the identity of the body;
· To study the weather in the past when the incident took place the science is called forensic meteorology
· To trace evidence from petroleum, minerals and soil is called forensic geology
· To determine the location and time of death the insects around the human body are studied and this is called forensic entomology. This can even ascertain whether the body was shifted from the place where death occurred;
· The DNA analysis is a forensic science which determines paternity and even maternity as this is a unique part of each individual and cannot be duplicated;
· The combination of forensic science and archeological techniques to find out more information on a particular crime is called forensic archeology;
· To identify the human remains with the skeleton in a legal matter is called forensic anthropology which uses physical anthropology as the main technique;
· To recover more information and data from digital and electronic media with scientific methods which are proven is called digital forensics;
· The forensic science which answer most questions about the examination of a crime with trace evidence and biological evidence like tire tracks, footwear, bullets and finger prints is called criminalistics;
· The examination of handwriting on any document which is part of the legal proceedings when the identity of the author is questioned is the examination of a forensic document called question document examination;
· To elicit evidence and information from a witness is called forensic interviewing.